An official at-bat comes when a batter reaches base via a fielder’s choice, hit or an error (not including catcher’s interference) or when a batter is put out on a non-sacrifice. (Whereas a plate appearance refers to each completed turn batting, regardless of the result.)
In baseball, an At-Bat (AB) is any Plate Appearance (PA) that results in a hit, error, fielder’s choice or a non-sacrifice out. Any other result, like a walk, hit-by-pitch, sacrifice fly, sacrifice bunt, or catcher’s interference, does not count towards an official At-Bat.
In baseball or softball, a strikeout (or strike-out) occurs when a batter accumulates three strikes during a time at bat. It usually means that the batter is out.
Batters will not receive credit for an at bat if their plate appearances end under the following circumstances: They receive a base on balls (BB). They are hit by a pitch (HBP).
A player is awarded a run if he crosses the plate to score his team a run. When tallying runs scored, the way in which a player reached base is not considered. If a player reaches base by an error or a fielder’s choice, as long as he comes around to score, he is still credited with a run.
A walk does not count as an at bat or hit, and does not affect a player’s batting average. You can see a list of Major League Baseball Players with the highest career batting averages in our sports almanac.
He had already chosen S to stand for sacrifice in a box score, so he used K for a strikeout, since that is the last letter in “struck,” which was at the time the most popular way to refer to a batter’s being out after three strikes.
The symbol “K” in baseball was developed by baseball pioneer Henry Chadwick who was the New York Herald’s first baseball editor in the 1860’s. The scoring symbol “K” was first used in the scoring of an actual game in 1868. One reason the letter “K” was used because “K” was the prominent letter of the word strike.
A backward K represents the umpire’s third strike call against the hitter. This backward K means that the final strike against the hitter fooled them into not swinging. Since it looks strange on a baseball scorekeeping card, it stands out, which helps shine more light on that strikeout by the pitcher.
Definition. Slugging percentage represents the total number of bases a player records per at-bat. Unlike on-base percentage, slugging percentage deals only with hits and does not include walks and hit-by-pitches in its equation. Slugging percentage differs from batting average in that all hits are not valued equally.
Definition. A walk (or base on balls) occurs when a pitcher throws four pitches out of the strike zone, none of which are swung at by the hitter. After refraining from swinging at four pitches out of the zone, the batter is awarded first base. In the scorebook, a walk is denoted by the letters BB.
Since the beginning of baseball, one stat has reigned supreme over all others: the batting average. Simply put, the best hitters are always considered to be those who possess the highest.
F means Final, indicating the game is complete.
Pitcher. A baseball position that is the player that pitches the ball to the catcher from the mound; often seen on baseball rosters, score cards, and fantasy baseball leagues; can also appear as SP and RP which represent the type of pitcher.
Definition. OPS adds on-base percentage and slugging percentage to get one number that unites the two. It’s meant to combine how well a hitter can reach base, with how well he can hit for average and for power.
WHIP is one of the most commonly used statistics for evaluating a pitcher’s performance. The statistic shows how well a pitcher has kept runners off the basepaths, one of his main goals. The formula is simple enough – it’s the sum of a pitcher’s walks and hits, divided by his total innings pitched.
If the next batter hits a ball to the center fielder who catches it on the fly for the second out, it would be noted as F8, with F for flyout and 8 for the center fielder. (In some systems, the letter ‘F’ is reserved for foul outs.
A flyout to left field would listed as F7. A lineout to center field might be L8, or F8 with a straight line above the F and the 8 to indicate a line drive.
Major League Baseball teams can now intentionally walk a batter without throwing a single pitch.
The purpose of an intentional walk is to bypass the current batter in order to face the following batter, whom the defensive team expects to be easier to put out.
For example, if a runner takes an extra base on a wild pitch or a passed ball, he is not awarded a stolen base. However, if he was attempting to steal as a wild pitch/passed ball was thrown, he is generally given credit for it.
In baseball, striking out the side refers to when a pitcher strikes out all the batters he faces in the defensive half-inning in which he pitches. There is no official statistic in regard to this accomplishment, though it is often noted by commentators and fans when it occurs.
An immaculate inning occurs when a pitcher strikes out all three batters he faces in one inning, using the minimum possible number of pitches - nine.
The “Olympic Rings” or platinum sombrero applies to a player striking out five times in a game. A horn refers to a player striking out six times in a game; the term was coined by pitcher Mike Flanagan after teammate Sam Horn of the Baltimore Orioles accomplished the feat in an extra-inning game in 1991.
The backward K in baseball means that the batter struck out without swinging at the third strike. The backward K is used in the scorebook to keep track of players striking out without swinging.