An earned run is any run that scores against a pitcher without the benefit of an error or a passed ball. Often, it is the judgment of the official scorer as to whether a specific run would’ve scored without the defensive mishap.
In baseball, an earned run is any run for which the pitcher is held accountable (i.e., the run scored as a result of normal pitching, and not due to a fielding error or a passed ball). Any runner(s) who tags his base and reaches home plate is scored against the pitcher as an earned run(s).
For the time being, the run is unearned since the runner should still be at third. If the batter strikes out to end the inning, it will stay that way. If the batter gets a base hit, which would have scored the runner anyway, the run now becomes earned.
In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the average of earned runs allowed by a pitcher per nine innings pitched (i.e. the traditional length of a game). It is determined by dividing the number of earned runs allowed by the number of innings pitched and multiplying by nine.
Earned and Unearned Examples
The leadoff batter comes up and hits a home run, that run is earned. That one is easy, so are the simple unearned runs. There are two outs when a batter hits a ground ball to short. The shortstop boots it and the runner reaches first base.
If a ghost runner scores in extras, the run is not counted as an earned run but still a counts as a run scored.
An unearned run is any run that scored because of an error or a passed ball. Oftentimes, it is the judgment of the official scorer as to whether a specific run would’ve scored without the defensive mishap. The purpose of the unearned run is to distinguish which runs a pitcher is at fault for allowing.
An ERA between 2.00 and 3.00 is also considered excellent and is only achieved by the best pitchers in the league. An ERA between 3.00 and 4.00 is above-average. An ERA between 4.00 and 5.00 is average; the majority of pitchers have an ERA in this range.
However, there is a key difference: A passed ball is deemed to be the catcher’s fault, while a wild pitch is deemed to be the fault of the pitcher. A passed ball is not recorded as an error, but when a run scores as the result of a passed ball, it does not count as an earned run against a pitcher.
A run scored on a wild pitch is recorded as an earned run. A runner who advances on a wild pitch is not credited with a stolen base unless he breaks before the pitcher begins his delivery.
No he doesn’t. Pitcher errors are counted alongside other defensive errors and are treated the same for the purpose of determining ERA. If a run scores as the result of an error, it doesn’t matter who committed it, that run is not counted for ERA.
Wins and losses are based on the score, not on whether or not the runs are earned or not. If the pitcher’s team loses the game they cannot get a win, even if they gave up fewer earned runs than their team scored. Show activity on this post. The fact that a run is “unearned” does not affect win-loss tallies.
Players who bat higher in the order will typically finish the season with more at-bats than players who hit toward the bottom. Similarly, players who walk infrequently also typically record a higher-than-usual number of at-bats in a season, because walks do not count as at-bats.
A sacrifice fly does not count as an at-bat and therefore does not count against a player’s batting average. The thinking behind the rule is that with a man on third base and fewer than two outs, a batter will often intentionally try to hit a fly ball, sacrificing his time at bat to help score a run.
A homerun is an unearned run. This means that the batter didn’t earn it – he hit a ball into play, and the other team managed to get one of their players to catch it. In baseball, this counts as an error (and thus gives the other team a chance to score).
A hit occurs when a batter strikes the baseball into fair territory and reaches base without doing so via an error or a fielder’s choice.
No, since the error either helps the batter to advance farther or the home run allows the batter to score without making an error. However, a muffed foul blunder followed by an HR is possible. Such incidents are very rare.
When a pinch runner is used, the player for whom he runs is out of the game definitely. The following half inning, the pinch runner may replace the player he substituted on defense as well, or move to another defensive position, or be replaced in turn by a defensive substitute.
An invisible runner, or ghost runner, is a device used in baseball-style games, including softball, stickball, and kickball, when a team does not have enough players. Used primarily in schoolyard games, the rule is called into action when a live runner on base is next in line to bat.
In an inning in which a batter-runner reaches first base on a catcher’s interference, such batter-runner shall not count as an earned run should he subsequently score.
Errors also hold significance in calculating the earned run average (ERA) of a pitcher. Runs scored due to an error are unearned and do not count toward a pitcher’s ERA.
Yes, a pitcher can make a fielding error. Pitchers do not get assigned errors during the process of a pitch, but if the ball is hit into play and is fielded by the pitcher, they are now considered a defensive player and are subject to the same standards as fielders.
A batter hit by a pitch is not credited with a hit or at bat, but is credited with a time on base and a plate appearance; therefore, being hit by a pitch does not increase or decrease a player’s batting average but does increase his on-base percentage.
In general, an ERA in the range of 4.00 – 5.00 is considered a good career ERA, with the best pitchers being below 2.00. According to Baseball Almanac, Ed Walsh is credited with holding the career record for ERA with 1.82.