A foul ball is a ball that is hit outside the first and third base foul lines that counts as a strike against the batter. Most foul balls allow batters to prolong at-bats, but a batter can be retired on a foul ball. Batters cannot reach base on foul balls and runners typically cannot advance either.
In baseball, there is no set limit to how many foul balls a batter can hit. Even though a foul ball is considered a strike, a foul ball will not increase the number of strikes when the batter already has two strikes in the count.
(A foul ball counts as a strike, but it cannot be the third and final strike of the at-bat. A foul tip, which is caught by the catcher, is considered a third strike.) The batter is automatically out on a strikeout, unless the catcher does not cleanly hold onto the baseball or if the baseball hits the dirt.
In basketball, a foul is an infraction of the rules more serious than a violation. Most fouls occur as a result of illegal personal contact with an opponent and/or unsportsmanlike behavior.
Batted balls that first contact the field between home plate and first or third base are considered foul if they don’t subsequently bounce over or directly contact either base, otherwise pass either base while in fair territory, or ultimately settle at some point in fair territory between home plate and either base.
In this case, the ball remains live and a strike is added to the batter’s count. A batter who hits a foul tip with two strikes on the count is out. In kickball, foul ball does not make a strike, but four foul balls make an out.
Giants first baseman Brandon Belt made history on April 22, 2018 – three years ago Friday – when he worked a 21-pitch at-bat during San Francisco’s 4-2 win over the Angels in Anaheim. Belt hit 16 foul balls in the first-inning battle against Jaime Barria that ended in a fly ball to right field.
The ball is considered fair if it hits the line past first or third base. It can go into foul territory after hitting the line as long as it makes contact with the line past one of the bases. So, yes, hitting the foul line can result in a fair ball.
Infield Foul Balls
In the infield a ball is not ruled to be fair or foul until it comes to a complete stop, until a player touches it, or it goes into the outfield. A ball in the infield may start out fair and then roll foul.
If a batted ball hits the plate first it’s a foul ball.
The foul lines are also within fair territory. In order to rule the ball foul, it must have come to rest in foul territory or be touched in foul territory.
A foul tip is always a strike, regardless of the existing ball-and-strike count. A player with two strikes against him is automatically struck out. A player with fewer than two strikes against him is not out.
A ball that is not caught by the catcher is not (and cannot be) a foul tip. A foul tip is always a strike; and, unlike a foul ball, a foul tip can result in strike three. A foul tip is a live ball. Runners can advance (steal) at their peril.
A foul ball can count as a Strike 1 and a Strike 2, but never a Strike 3. A foul ball pop-up/fly ball is treated the same as any ball hit inside the lines. This means if a runner is on base, he can tag up and risk running to the next bag. This includes scoring, if it is an option.
A defensive foul in basketball is a foul committed by a defensive player. There are three main types of fouls: personal, technical, and flagrant fouls. Any of these fouls can be committed by a player on defense, but the term “defensive foul” is usually reserved for personal fouls by a player on defense.
Violations are typically called for minor infractions, while fouls are reserved for more egregious errors. Violations describe breaches of basic rules like dribbling, bringing the ball up the court, or passing the ball inbounds.
In the simplest terms, the difference between these two fouls is all in their names. A personal foul represents a foul for one individual player, while a team foul represents a foul for the entire team.
A foul tip is a batted ball that goes sharply and directly to the catcher’s hand or glove and is legally caught. A foul tip is considered equivalent to a ball in which the batter swings and misses, in that the baserunners are able to advance at their own risk (without needing to tag up).
Can you bunt with 2 strikes? In any level of baseball, a batter is allowed to bunt with 2 strikes. However, when a batter has 2 strikes and the bunt attempt results in a foul ball, the ball is ruled a strike and the at-bat is recorded as a strikeout.
The NCAA rulebook indicates that a checked swing shall be called a strike “if the barrel head of the bat crosses the front edge of home plate or the batter’s front hip.” That is pretty simple and straightforward language, however, not particularly easy to distinguish.
In all four cases the catch would be legal, as dictated by the best judgment of the umpire. The same restrictions apply to a foul ball descending into a stand. A catcher or fielder may not jump into a stand to catch such a ball, but reaching into the stand and making the play is permitted.
The “Olympic Rings” or platinum sombrero applies to a player striking out five times in a game. A horn refers to a player striking out six times in a game; the term was coined by pitcher Mike Flanagan after teammate Sam Horn of the Baltimore Orioles accomplished the feat in an extra-inning game in 1991.
Five home runs in a game has been achieved four times: Pete Schneider (1923), Lou Frierson (1934), Cecil Dunn (1936) and Dick Lane (1948). In the pre-professional era, Lipman Pike also hit five home runs in 1866.