Scorecard for first ever MLB perfect game, by Lee Richmond, 1880. Abbreviations: A, B, C, for first, second and third, P and H for pitcher and catcher, S for shortstop, L, M, and R for left, center, and right field.
Definition. A single occurs when a batter hits the ball and reaches first base without the help of an intervening error or attempt to put out another baserunner. Singles are the most common type of hit in baseball, and they occur in many varieties. If a batter beats out a bunt or an infield dribbler – it’s a single.
BA - Batting average (also abbreviated AVG) - hits divided by at bats. BB - Base on balls (also called a “walk”) - times receiving four balls and advancing to first base. BB/K - Walk-to-strikeout ratio - number of base on balls divided by number of strikeouts. XBH - Extra base hits - doubles plus triples plus home runs.
H: Hits. Number of times a batter reaches first base (not on an error or fielders choice). It is awarded right after touching first base (e.g. a runner thrown out going for a double still records a hit). RBI: Runs Batted In. Number of runs that score as a result of that player’s at bat.
A detailed summary of actions or an event, as in The President wanted to base his reelection campaign on his box score. The term comes from baseball, where since about 1910 it has signified a statistical summary in table form of the essential details of a game.
MVR is an abbreviation that stands for mound visits remaining during an MLB game. MLB continues looking for ways to speed up the pace of play of action, and one way to do that is to limit stoppage during a game. As of 2018, each baseball team only can have five mound visits during a nine-inning game.
Batting Abbreviations- 1B or S - Singles.
2B - Doubles.
3B - Triples.
AB - At Bats.
AB/HR - At Bats per Home Run.
AO - Fly Outs (Air)
BA or AVG - Batting average.
BB - Bases on Balls (Walks)
Batting - Batting Quality
|P5||-||5 Pitch Plate Appearances|
|P6||-||6 Pitch Plate Appearances|
|P7||-||7 Pitch Plate Appearances|
|P8||-||8 Pitch Plate Appearances|
|P9||-||9 Pitch Plate Appearances|
|MVL||Moshannon Valley League (Pennsylvania high school baseball)|
|MVL||Minimum Vector Length|
|MVL||Member’s Voluntary Liquidation|
|MVL||Musikverein Lustenau (Austria)|
Babe Ruth was said to have hit a home run over 600 feet.
Five home runs in a game has been achieved four times: Pete Schneider (1923), Lou Frierson (1934), Cecil Dunn (1936) and Dick Lane (1948). In the pre-professional era, Lipman Pike also hit five home runs in 1866.
It’s only fair for the longest measured home run in Coors Field history to belong to a member of the Rockies – even if Cron’s towering 504-foot blast has to share the honor with the one Giancarlo Stanton hit in 2016.
According to Bill James, aside from pitchers and catchers, the most difficult defensive position to play is shortstop, followed by second base, center field, third base, left or right field (depending upon the ballpark), and finally first base as the easiest position.
Left on Base Percentage (LOB%), also known as Strand Rate, is one of the simpler advanced statistics to calculate. It is simply the number of base-runners that a pitcher leaves on base at the end of an inning divided by the total base-runners that they allow.
Definition. A fielder is given an error if, in the judgment of the official scorer, he fails to convert an out on a play that an average fielder should have made. Fielders can also be given errors if they make a poor play that allows one or more runners to advance on the bases.
A strike is a ball that passes through any part of the strike zone in flight. A foul ball is also counted as a strike when a hitter has less than two strikes. When a batter accumulates three strikes, he is out. If the batter bunts a foul ball with two strikes then it is counted as a strike and the batter is out.
As a whole, “6+4+3=2” is baseball slang for saying that a double play occurred. In this type of double play, the shortstop fields the ball, throws the ball to the second baseman for the first out, who then throws the ball to the first baseman for the second out.
Outs are generally recorded via a strikeout, a groundout, a popout or a flyout, but MLB’s official rulebook chronicles other ways – including interfering with a fielder – by which an offensive player can be put out.
Definition. Statcast defines a ‘hard-hit ball’ as one hit with an exit velocity of 95 mph or higher, and a player’s “hard-hit rate” is simply showing the percentage of batted balls that were hit at 95 mph or more.
Since the beginning of baseball, one stat has reigned supreme over all others: the batting average. Simply put, the best hitters are always considered to be those who possess the highest. Every year, the best hitter in the game is generally considered to be the person who retained the highest batting average.