Definition. A starting pitcher is credited with a shutout when he pitches the entire game for a team and does not allow the opposition to score. By definition, any pitcher who throws a shutout is also awarded a win. Because he recorded every out for his team and didn’t allow a run, his team could only have won.
A shutout refers to the number of runs given up by the pitcher while a no-hitter refers to the number of hits given up by the pitcher. A shutout is when a pitcher throws a complete game and gives up zero runs while a no-hitter is when a pitcher throws a complete game and gives up no hits.
Walter Johnson+Career Leaders & Records for Shutouts
|Rank||Player (yrs, age)||Shutouts|
|1.||Walter Johnson+ (21)||110|
|2.||Pete Alexander+ (20)||90|
|3.||Christy Mathewson+ (17)||79|
|4.||Cy Young+ (22)||76|
The all-time record for the greatest shutout score in major league history is 28-0. Providence of the National League, with the great Hoss Radboum pitching, defeated Philadelphia 28-0 on August 21, 1883. There were 2 games in the pre-1900 National League with scores of 24-0 and another with a 20-0 score.
In the majority of cases, a no-hitter is also recorded as a shutout if it is performed by a single pitcher pitching a complete game. If a no-hitter is achieved with more than one pitcher, no pitcher is awarded a shutout or a no-hitter, but a team shutout and no-hitter is still acknowledged.
In 2019, 268 games ended in a shutout, or roughly 11% of all games. Since Major League Baseball expanded to 30 teams in 1998, there have been anywhere from 193 to 353 shutouts per season (excluding 2020), or anywhere from 7.9% to 14.5% of all games ended in a shutout.
A no-hitter is a game in which a pitcher, or pitchers, gives up no hits. The term is most often used to describe a game in which a single pitcher throws a complete game of at least 9 innings (27 outs) without giving up a hit.
On April 23, 1964, Ken Johnson of the Houston Colt . 45s became the first pitcher to throw a nine-inning no-hitter and lose. In fact, he is still the only individual to throw an official (nine-inning) no-hitter and lose.
The Los Angeles Angels have the most shutouts by a team this season, with 2 shutouts.
|Los Angeles Angels||2022||7.82|
|Los Angeles Dodgers||2022||6.96|
A starting pitcher must complete five innings to earn a win; if this does not happen, the official scorer awards the win based on guidelines set forth in the official rules.Cy Young holds the MLB win record with 511; Walter Johnson is second with 417.
In 1897, the Chicago Colts of the National League defeated the Louisville Colonels, 36–7. The modern record (i.e., post-1900) for margin of victory was set in 2007, when the Texas Rangers defeated the Baltimore Orioles, 30–3.
In the case of a nine-inning game, if your team (or opponent) is winning by 10 runs after seven innings (or after the top of the sixth if you are the home team) the game ends. The Mercy Rule is in play after five innings (or after the top of the fourth if you are the home team) if your team is ahead by ten runs.
In the modern MLB era, the record is 17 runs set by the Boston Red Sox in 1953 when they did it against the Detroit Tigers.
Nine-inning no-hitters in a losing effort
Unlike a perfect game, in which no batters reach base, in regular no-hitters batters can reach base in other ways, such as a walk, an error, or a hit batsman, thus it is possible for the team pitching the no-hitter to lose.
Most recent no-hitters
|Oakland Athletics||Mike Fiers||May 7, 2019|
|Philadelphia Phillies||Cole Hamels||July 25, 2015|
|Pittsburgh Pirates||Combined: Francisco Cordova (9 IP) Ricardo Rincón (1 IP)||July 12, 1997|
|San Diego Padres||Joe Musgrove||April 9, 2021|
In team sports, a shutout (US) or clean sheet (UK) is a game in which one team prevents the other from scoring any points. While possible in most major sports, they are highly improbable in some sports, such as basketball.
A save (abbreviated SV or S) is a statistic awarded to a relief pitcher, often called a closer, who enters the game under certain conditions and maintains his team’s lead until the end of the game. The save rule was first adopted for the 1969 season and amended for the 1974 and 1975 seasons.
Pete Alexander (along with George Bradley) holds the single-season shutout record with 16. His career total of 90 is ranked second all-time to Walter Johnson’s 110 shutouts.
He had already chosen S to stand for sacrifice in a box score, so he used K for a strikeout, since that is the last letter in “struck,” which was at the time the most popular way to refer to a batter’s being out after three strikes.
One such rarity is the immaculate inning. You’ve probably heard of it – an immaculate inning is when a pitcher strikes out all three batters in an inning, on three pitches each. The immaculate inning used to be very rare – there were none from 1929-52. But in 2019, there have been seven.
Seventy years ago on this date, he pitched one of the more ridiculous games in organized baseball history. The Pirates Minor Leaguer, at just 19 years old, struck out 27 batters, while giving up no hits, in a regulation nine innings. It’s the only time that’s ever been done at the professional level.
No, a pitcher cannot lose a 9-inning perfect game. However, if the game goes into extra innings and the perfect game is lost, then the pitcher does not get credit for the perfect game that happened in the first 9 innings. The pitcher must finish the entire game to be awarded a perfect game.
A perfect game is a completed game in which no-hitter successfully reaches base. At the college and professional levels, where they play nine innings, a perfect game requires 27 up and 27 down (assuming the team throwing the perfect game has scored at least one run.)
A perfect game, by definition, is also a no-hitter, a win, and a shutout. A fielding error that does not allow a batter to reach base, such as a misplayed foul ball, does not spoil a perfect game.
No major league player has ever thrown two perfect games, although Jean Faut of the AAGPBL accomplished the feat with perfect games in 1951 and 1953.