AB - At bat - Batting appearances, not including bases on balls, hit by pitch, sacrifices, interference, or obstruction. AB/HR At bats per home run - at bats divided by home runs. BA - Batting average (also abbreviated AVG) - hits divided by at bats.
AB/RBI - At-Bats per Runs Batted In. AO - Fly Outs. AVG - Batting Average. BB - Bases on Balls (Walks) CS - Caught Stealing.
A Plate Appearance (PA) is counted when a player completes their batting turn, regardless of the result. An At-Bat (AB) is any Plate Appearance that results in a hit, error, fielder’s choice, or a non-sacrifice out. Any other result of a Plate Appearance does not count as an At-Bat.
On Base Percentage (aka OBP, On Base Average, OBA) is a measure of how often a batter reaches base. It is approximately equal to Times on Base/Plate appearances. The full formula is OBP = (Hits + Walks + Hit by Pitch) / (At Bats + Walks + Hit by Pitch + Sacrifice Flies).
Since the beginning of baseball, one stat has reigned supreme over all others: the batting average. Simply put, the best hitters are always considered to be those who possess the highest. Every year, the best hitter in the game is generally considered to be the person who retained the highest batting average.
Definition. Slugging percentage represents the total number of bases a player records per at-bat. Unlike on-base percentage, slugging percentage deals only with hits and does not include walks and hit-by-pitches in its equation. Slugging percentage differs from batting average in that all hits are not valued equally.
Definition. A fielder is credited with a putout when he is the fielder who physically records the act of completing an out – whether it be by stepping on the base for a forceout, tagging a runner, catching a batted ball, or catching a third strike.
Definition. A walk (or base on balls) occurs when a pitcher throws four pitches out of the strike zone, none of which are swung at by the hitter. After refraining from swinging at four pitches out of the zone, the batter is awarded first base. In the scorebook, a walk is denoted by the letters BB.
Receiving a base on balls does not count as a hit or an at bat for a batter but does count as a time on base and a plate appearance. Therefore, a base on balls does not affect a player’s batting average, but it can increase his on-base percentage.
An OPS+ of 150 or more is excellent and 125 very good, while an OPS+ of 75 or below is poor. where *lgOBP is the park adjusted OBP of the league (not counting pitchers hitting) and *lgSLG is the park adjusted SLG of the league.
If you get on base via a walk or getting hit by a pitch, your OBP goes up but your AVG is unchanged. Ergo, your OBP must always be higher than your AVG.
The best possible score a player can have for an on-base percentage is 1.000 – this indicates a player gets on base 100% of the time he comes to the plate for a plate appearance (PA). No one does this – a good OBP is somewhere over . 350 or so in this era.
Despite this, there is more or less a defined benchmark for a “good” slugging percentage. A . 450 slugging percentage is considered good and a . 550 slugging percentage is outstanding.
|SLG||Service Level Guarantee|
|SLG||Schweizer Licht Gesellschaft (German: Swiss Light Company; Switzerland)|
|SLG||Single Line to Ground (power quality)|
|SLG||Student Liaison Group (various organizations)|
2022 Hitter Rankings: Top 150 Rest of Season (Updated: 8/14/2022)
A simple way to compute a player’s batting average is to divide the player’s total hits (not the number of bases) by his/her total at bats. A walk does not count as an at bat or hit, and does not affect a player’s batting average.
Strikeout to walk ratio (K/BB): You can’t simply look at strikeout-to-walk ratio and make firm judgments about a pitcher. But as supporting evidence goes, it’s one of the most useful “eyeball” stats out there.
360 is considered to be above average. If a player’s OBP hits . 370 or higher, it puts them among the top players in the league for this statistic.
Batting - Batting Quality
|QAB3||-||Quality at Bat Type 3|
|P1||-||1 Pitch Plate Appearances|
|P2||-||2 Pitch Plate Appearances|
|P3||-||3 Pitch Plate Appearances|
|P4||-||4 Pitch Plate Appearances|
In the scorebook, a strikeout is denoted by the letter K. A third-strike call on which the batter doesn’t swing is denoted with a backward K.
A hold occurs when a relief pitcher enters the game in a save situation and maintains his team’s lead for the next relief pitcher, while recording at least one out.
You can steal a base via a walk beyond your next awarded base. For example, if you are on second base and there is nobody on first or third, you can steal third base on a walk. However, if you are on first base and the hitter walks, you automatically are awarded second base even if you take off running.
CERTAINLY they can steal on ball 4 (caught or dropped is completely immaterial to every possible situation, at every age group, in every rule set).
In 21st century baseball, an ERA below 4.00 is considered good, and anything below 3.00 is great. An ERA below 2.00 is rare and signifies an exceptional pitcher. Anything above 5.00 is terrible, and generally, pitchers with that ERA either pitch during blow-out games or get sent to the minor leagues.