The next part of understanding baseball stats are the three main batting stats: batting average (BA, or AVG above), on-base percentage (OBP), and slugging (SLG). You will often see these represented as three stats side by side, separated by slashes, which has lead to the nickname of a “slash line,” like . 220/. 267/.
The formula: (Runs Created per 27 outs) divided by the League average of runs scored per game. Square the result and divide it by (1+itself). (Hits plus Walks plus Hit by Pitcher) divided by (At Bats plus Walks plus Hit by Pitcher plus Sacrifice Flies).
Sabermetrics is the mathematical and statistical analysis of baseball records.”
Since the beginning of baseball, one stat has reigned supreme over all others: the batting average. Simply put, the best hitters are always considered to be those who possess the highest.
300 or higher is considered very good in the Major Leagues. For the batting average, it doesn’t matter if a hit is a single or a home run, it still just counts as a single hit. The record for the highest career batting average is held by Ty Cobb with a . 367 career batting average.
A pitcher’s ERA is calculated by the number of earned runs they’ve allowed (ER), divided by the number of innings pitched (IP) multiplied by 9 (the traditional inning length of a game).
To have a perfect batting average of 1.000, you have to have very few at-bats. The record for most at bats while maintaining a 1.000 batting average is three, held by John Paciorek. No player has come up to bat four times or more and gotten a hit every time.
Those three stats are often referenced together in baseball media with forward slashes separating them, which is where the term slash line comes from. A slash line is presented with a player’s batting average first, on-base percentage second and slugging percentage third (AVG/OBP/SLG).
Baseball statistical records are so crucial because they are used in many capacities. When a game is nationally televised, for instance, commentators rely on stat sheets to inform game commentary. Additionally, fantasy sports have become increasingly popular and lucrative.
Pitcher. A baseball position that is the player that pitches the ball to the catcher from the mound; often seen on baseball rosters, score cards, and fantasy baseball leagues; can also appear as SP and RP which represent the type of pitcher.
Types of hits
A home run is also scored as a hit. Doubles, triples, and home runs are also called extra base hits.
Here are the Current Measuring Sticks to Analyze Hitters- STAT: Isolated Power (ISO) You want players on your team who hit doubles, triples and homers.
STAT: Slugging Percentage (SLG)
STAT: On-Base Percentage (OBP)
STAT: On-Base Plus Slugging (OPS)
STAT: Batting Average on Balls in Play (BABIP)
Strikeout to walk ratio (K/BB): You can’t simply look at strikeout-to-walk ratio and make firm judgments about a pitcher. But as supporting evidence goes, it’s one of the most useful “eyeball” stats out there.
The top-10 all-time OBP leaders in MLB are as follows:- Ted Williams (. 482)
Babe Ruth (. 473)
John McGraw (. 466)
Billy Hamilton (. 455)
Lou Gehrig (. 447)
Barry Bonds (. 444)
Bill Joyce (. 435)
Rogers Hornsby (. 434)
BABIP is the most commonly used advanced statistic in baseball. Simply, it measures a player’s batting average on all non-home run balls they put in play. BABIP is commonly used as a “luck” statistic.
In general, hard % is a versatile tool that can be leveraged to help explain why other statististics are above or below the league average. For example, a batter with a HR/FB rate above the league average mark should at least have a hard hit rate about 35.3%, the league average hard hit rate.
There are special codes for the different statistics listed on the back of the card. For example, BA = batting average, G = games played, AB = at bats, R = runs, H = hits, 2B = doubles, 3B = triples, HR = home runs, RBI = runs batted in, SB = stolen bases.
Definition. WHIP is one of the most commonly used statistics for evaluating a pitcher’s performance. The statistic shows how well a pitcher has kept runners off the basepaths, one of his main goals. The formula is simple enough – it’s the sum of a pitcher’s walks and hits, divided by his total innings pitched.
A hold occurs when a relief pitcher enters the game in a save situation and maintains his team’s lead for the next relief pitcher, while recording at least one out.
A simple way to compute a player’s batting average is to divide the player’s total hits (not the number of bases) by his/her total at bats. A walk does not count as an at bat or hit, and does not affect a player’s batting average.
Definition. Slugging percentage represents the total number of bases a player records per at-bat. Unlike on-base percentage, slugging percentage deals only with hits and does not include walks and hit-by-pitches in its equation. Slugging percentage differs from batting average in that all hits are not valued equally.
In baseball, the batting average (BA) is defined by the number of hits divided by at bats. It is usually reported to three decimal places and read without the decimal: A player with a batting average of . 300 is “batting three-hundred.”
Out of the Park Baseball - Wikipedia.