There are many different types of pitchers, such as the starting pitcher, relief pitcher, middle reliever, lefty specialist, setup man, and the closer.
The most common baseball pitching grips are four-seam (or two-seam) fastball, curveball, slider, and change-up. But before we get into the four styles, let’s talk about the two main ways to grip the baseball.
In baseball, the different types of relief pitchers are Set Up Man, Middle Relief Pitcher, Long Relief Pitcher, Left/Right Handed Specialist, and Closer. Each different type of relief pitcher has its own general rules around what their responsibilities are and when they typically enter a game.
The basic pitch types in baseball are the four-seam fastball, sinking (two-seam) fastball, cut fastball, changeup, slider, and curveball.
Definition. A screwball is a breaking ball designed to move in the opposite direction of just about every other breaking pitch. It is one of the rarest pitches thrown in baseball, mostly because of the tax it can put on a pitcher’s arm.
Each baseball player has their own specialties. However, the two pitches that stand out to be the hardest to hit are the splitter and the slider. This conclusion is backed by research that has been done to detect the whiff rate for various pitches.
Top 9 Nastiest Pitches in Baseball History- Clayton Kershaw’s 12-6 Curveball.
Cutter or ‘Cut Fastball’- Velocity: 85-95 mph.
A fan’s guide to identifying pitches- Fastballs: Four-seam, Two-seam, Cutter, Splitter, and Forkball.
In baseball, a closing pitcher, more frequently referred to as a closer (abbreviated CL), is a relief pitcher who specializes in getting the final outs in a close game when his team is leading. The role is often assigned to a team’s best reliever.
In baseball, “SU” means “Set Up Pitcher” or “Set Up Man”. A Set Up Pitcher is a relief pitcher who pitches before the Closer, usually in the eighth inning. Set Up Pitchers normally pitch one inning and are considered the second-best relief pitcher on the team.
The shortstop positions himself between the third baseman and the second-base bag. The shortstop is considered the captain of the infield and takes charge on balls hit in the air as well as communication among infielders.
Even at the professional levels of the game, most pitchers throw just three quality pitches - and many relief pitchers and closers, such as Mariano Rivera, throw just two.
If a righty is pitching to a lefty, and throws a breaking ball that starts outside and breaks to catch the outside corner, that’s a backdoor breaking pitch.
This seems to meet the definition of “illegal pitch” in the MLB rulebook, which reads, “An ILLEGAL PITCH is (1) a pitch delivered to the batter when the pitcher does not have his pivot foot in contact with the pitcher’s plate; (2) a quick return pitch. An illegal pitch when runners are on base is a balk.”
The knuckleball gets its name from the typical grip used to throw the pitch, with the knuckles either on the ball or hovering just over it while the fingernails dig into the surface. The pitch is thrown with relative ease, and as a result, knuckleballers typically have the least strain on their arm of all pitchers.
Rip Sewell, a pitcher on the Pittsburgh Pirates, came up with the Eephus pitch in the ’40s. The name originates from the Hebrew word “efes,” which means nothing. Since the pitch is seen as a junk pitch since there is nothing special on it, the Hebrew phrase perfectly describes the nothing pitch.
Under the rule’s section e, an umpire is required to throw in an “alternate” (e.g., new) ball in at least three circumstances: 1). A ball has been batted out of the playing field or into the spectator area; 2). A ball has become discolored or unfit for further use; 3). The pitcher requests an alternate ball.
A cutter is a version of the fastball, designed to move slightly away from the pitcher’s arm-side as it reaches home plate. Cutters are not thrown by a large portion of Major League pitchers, but for some of the pitchers who possess a cutter, it is one of their primary pitches.
As a result, Aroldis Chapman is credited with throwing the fastest pitch in MLB history. On Sept. 24, 2010, Chapman made MLB history. Then a rookie relief pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds, the fireballer unleashed a fastball clocked at 105.1 mph by PITCH/fx. MLB later bumped that up to 105.8 mph.
This 35.1 MPH Frank Schwindel pitch is the slowest (known/measured) MLB pitch to ever get hit for a home run!
In baseball, sidearm is a motion for throwing a ball along a low, approximately horizontal plane rather than a high, mostly vertical plane (overhand). Sidearm is a common way of throwing the ball in the infield, because many throws must be made hurriedly from the glove after fielding ground balls.
If the pitch moves more horizontally – and it’ll be in the “tailing” direction, running from left to right for a right-handed pitcher or right to left for a left-handed pitcher – then it’s a two-seamer. If the pitch has more vertical drop, it’s a sinker.
In baseball, a sinker or sinking fastball is a type of fastball which has significant downward and horizontal movement and is known for inducing ground balls.
Use in the Major Leagues
The forkball has been favored by several current and former major league pitchers, including Tom Henke, Kevin Appier, Hideo Nomo, José Valverde, José Arredondo, Ken Hill, Justin Speier, Kazuhiro Sasaki, José Contreras, Chien-Ming Wang, Junichi Tazawa, Robert Coello, and Edwar Ramírez.