A full baseball game is typically scheduled for nine innings, while softball games consist of seven innings; although this may be shortened due to weather or extended if the score is tied at the end of the scheduled innings.
9 innings were agreed as the total amount of innings played per game in 1857. Before this, the rule was the first team to score a total of “21 aces” (runs) in the game would be the winner. Games were usually six innings long.
Sensing that an official ruling was necessary as more and more baseball teams were formed, the Knickerbockers decided to form a committee in 1856 to tackle the issue. The desire for more competitive defense won out, and nine innings – and nine men – became the standard for good.
The rules changed slightly, for the 2022 MLB season the doubleheaders will be only 7 innings, in addition to that the extra-innings in those games also have a change, now the teams will have a free runner at second base during each extra-inning.
In baseball, an official game (regulation game in the Major League Baseball rulebook) is a game where nine innings have been played, except when the game is scheduled with fewer innings, extra innings are required to determine a winner, or the game must be stopped before nine innings have been played, e.g. due to …
Protecting pitcher health
The main reason the sudden-death rule was implemented was to protect pitcher health and arm safety. In a league focused on developing players for the MLB Draft, players and coaches don’t want pitchers to have to overthrow during a long extra-inning game.
A game is considered a regulation game – also known as an “official game” – once the visiting team has made 15 outs (five innings) and the home team is leading, or once the home team has made 15 outs regardless of score.
Dodgers, Braves played record 26 innings in 1920
One of the many great things about baseball is that time can never run out. In baseball, a comeback is always possible. The game’s not over until you get the 27th out – or, sometimes, a lot more than that.
According to the all-knowing Google, the 1910 matchup between the Atlanta Crackers and Mobile Sea Gulls is the first choice that pops up when you search fastest baseball game ever. It was 32 minutes long.
Hits, walks, and hit by pitch have stayed quite steady. On average, strikeouts take 1.5 pitches more than other kinds of out, so this trade of strikeouts for outs on balls in play will also add time to the game. In fact, all of the factors point in the same direction of contributing to increasing game length.
My understanding is the rational around establishing the four balls and three strikes standard was to make things equal between the batter and the pitcher (i.e., that the batter had a 50 percent chance of getting on base).
The term inning in baseball comes from the Old English innung — the gerund form of innian “to get within, put or bring in” — and was originally used in the sense of “a team’s turn in a game” in 1738.
If Team A wins its game, it moves ahead of Team B by half a game because it has one more win than Team B at that point, but the same number of losses. With some teams getting days off or some games getting postponed to weather, the half game is a common occurrence.
4-2-2 The game ends when the team behind in score has completed its turn at bat in the seventh inning, or any inning thereafter if extra innings are necessary. If the home team scores a go-ahead run in the bottom of the seventh inning, or in any extra inning, the game is terminated at that point.
In each half, one team bats until three outs are made, with the other team playing defense. Each half-inning formally starts when the umpire calls “Batter up!” A full inning consists of six outs, three for each team; and a regulation game in Major League Baseball consists of nine innings.
The ghost runner rule—which automatically places a runner on second base to start extra innings in an effort to shorten games—has been in place for each of the past two seasons.
All games part of doubleheaders in 2022 are scheduled as nine-inning games, following the implementation of seven-inning doubleheaders as part of health and safety protocols in 2020 and 2021.
The shift limit requires two infielders to be on either side of second and all infielders to be within the outer boundary of the infield when the pitcher is on the rubber, and infielders may not switch sides unless there is a substitution.
it also lists the exception for home runs: EXCEPTION: If the last batter in a game hits a home run out of the playing field, the batter-runner and all runners on base are permitted to score… So with runners on base, a home team can win in the bottom of the ninth or later by up to 4 runs.
Definition. A pitcher earns a complete game if he pitches the entire game for his team regardless of how long it lasts. If the game is shortened by rain or if it lasts into extra innings, it counts as a complete game if the pitcher was the only pitcher to record an appearance for his team.
The rule was a byproduct of the COVID-19-affected 2020 and 2021 seasons, and places a runner on second base to begin each half-inning from the 10th inning onward. The idea is to put a runner in an advantageous – but not automatic – position to score in order to bring extra-inning games to a quicker resolution.
The zombie runner is a runner placed at second base at the start of each half of an extra inning. In the rule book, this runner is called an “automatic runner”, but the preferred term on the podcast is “zombie runner” because the player has been “brought back from the dead” and placed at second base.