In 21st century baseball, an ERA below 4.00 is considered good, and anything below 3.00 is great. An ERA below 2.00 is rare and signifies an exceptional pitcher. Anything above 5.00 is terrible, and generally, pitchers with that ERA either pitch during blow-out games or get sent to the minor leagues.
Career Leaders & Records for Earned Run Average
|Rank||Player (yrs, age)||Earned Run Average|
|1.||Ed Walsh+ (14)||1.816|
|2.||Addie Joss+ (9)||1.887|
|3.||Jim Devlin (5)||1.896|
|4.||Jack Pfiester (8)||2.024|
An ERA between 4.00 and 5.00 is considered average for a Major League Baseball player in today’s era. This number has changed over time and fluctuates when new rules are put into play that favor hitters or new ballpark dimensions are introduced.
If a pitcher has an ERA of 4.00 or below, or even better, an ERA score of 2.00 or below, this means that the pitcher’s performance is stronger. The lower the ERA score the better, and the lower the ERA score, the stronger the pitcher’s performance is.
The lowest single-season ERA in league history was posted by Tim Keefe, whose 0.86 ERA in 105 innings pitched for the National League’s Troy Trojans in 1880 led his closest competitor by . 52 runs. In the American League, Dutch Leonard’s 0.96 ERA is a single-season record.
An ERA between 4.00 and 5.00 is average; the majority of pitchers have an ERA in this range. An ERA above 5.00 is generally considered below-average, and a pitcher with an ERA above 6.00 for a prolonged period of time is usually in danger of demotion to the bullpen or a lower league.
1.816Ed Walsh holds the MLB earned run average record with a 1.816.List.
|1||Ed Walsh *||1.816|
|2||Addie Joss *||1.887|
In general, an ERA in the range of 4.00 – 5.00 is considered a good career ERA, with the best pitchers being below 2.00. According to Baseball Almanac, Ed Walsh is credited with holding the career record for ERA with 1.82.
|Lance McCullers Jr.||2021||76|
WHIP reflects a pitcher’s propensity for allowing batters to reach base, therefore a lower WHIP indicates better performance. While earned run average (ERA) measures the runs a pitcher gives up, WHIP more directly measures a pitcher’s effectiveness against batters.
K/9 rate measures how many strikeouts a pitcher averages for every nine innings pitched. It is determined by dividing his strikeout total by his innings pitched total and multiplying the result by nine.
So, what’s a good ERA for a closing pitcher? A good ERA for a closer is between 2.00-3.00, which means the pitcher will allow two to three runs per nine innings on average. Closers typically pitch one inning in a game, which translates into an ERA that is generally lower than other types of pitchers.
J. VerlanderMLB Stat Leaders 2022
|EARNED RUN AVERAGE||ERA|
|1 J. VerlanderHOU||1.82|
|2 D. CeaseCHW||2.13|
|3 J. UriasLAD||2.25|
|4 A. ManoahTOR||2.31|
In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the average of earned runs allowed by a pitcher per nine innings pitched (i.e. the traditional length of a game). It is determined by dividing the number of earned runs allowed by the number of innings pitched and multiplying by nine. Thus, a lower ERA is better.
Outfielder Ty Cobb, whose career ended in 1928, has the highest batting average in Major League Baseball (MLB) history. He batted . 366 over 24 seasons, mostly with the Detroit Tigers.
Most Seasons Played
3.97League Year-By-Year Pitching–Averages
The formula for finding ERA is: 9 x earned runs / innings pitched. If a pitcher exits a game with runners on base, any earned runs scored by those runners will count against him. ERA should be an ideal evaluation of pitchers.
According to Baseball USA, the average time from home to first base (70’) for a 12-year old is 4.35 seconds or 16.1 fps. The average time for a 13-year old (80’ bases) is 4.79 seconds or 16.7 fps.
A huge part of determining a pitcher’s true skill level, though, begins with the basic walk and strikeout rates. A great place to begin with pitchers is to look at their K-BB%. This is the strikeout percentage (rather than K/9) minus their walk percentage. The higher that number, the better.
The name “live-ball era” comes from the dramatic rise in offensive statistics, a direct result of a series of rule changes (introduced in 1920) that were colloquially said to have made the ball more “lively”. The live-ball era was the era in which baseball regained relevance and exploded in popularity.
The average ERA+ is set to be 100; a score above 100 indicates that the pitcher performed better than average, while below 100 indicates worse than average.
Major League Baseball Pitching Leaders
|1.||Verlander • HOU||0.855|
|2.||McClanahan • TBR||0.862|
|3.||Gallen • ARI||0.908|
|4.||Urias • LAD||0.950|
|5.||Nola • PHI||0.970|
Get ready for the 2022 MLB Postseason with us during a virtual panel on October 3 at 7pm ET. Register for this free event here.Major League Baseball Batting Leaders.
|1.||Freeman • LAD||.328|
|2.||Goldschmidt • STL||.320|
|3.||McNeil • NYM||.317|
|4.||Judge • NYY||.315|
|5.||Bogaerts • BOS||.314|
Usually, an average WHIP is around 1.30, while a good WHIP is under 1.10, and an elite WHIP is below 1. A WHIP over 1.50 is generally considered poor. Though they aren’t completely related, usually a pitcher with a good WHIP will have a good ERA as well.